It is the policy of the College to act in an ethically responsible manner when conducting
research involving human subjects. To that end, an Institutional Review Board has
been established to provide a process to ensure that the normal and prudent policies
established for the protection of human subjects is followed at Lower Columbia College.
This policy applies to any and all research (i.e., activities that are procedures,
demonstrations, and/or experiments which use human subjects) conducted by College
faculty, staff, or students as well as to any non-College entities performing research
upon College faculty, staff, or students with the expressed consent of the College.
Persons conducting such research are known, for the purpose of this document, as investigators.
The basic principles adhered to by the College are drawn from the Belmont Report, written by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical
and Behavioral Research in 1979.
The investigator shall present to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) a description
of his or her research project's goals, objectives, and procedures to (Lower Columbia
College: Institutional Review Board), along with documentation addressing each of
the following (taken from Ethics in Medicine at the University of Washington)
Disclosure: The potential participant must be as fully informed as possible of the
nature and purpose of the research, the procedures to be used, and the expected benefits
to the participant and/or society, the potential of reasonably foreseeable risks,
stresses, and discomforts, and alternatives to participating in the research. There
should also be a statement that describes procedures in place to ensure the confidentiality
or anonymity of the participant. The informed consent document must also disclose
what compensation and medical treatment are available in the case of a research-related
injury. The document should make it clear whom to contact with questions about the
research study, about research subjects' rights, and in case of injury.
Understanding: The participant must understand what has been explained and must be
given the opportunity to ask questions and have them answered by one of the investigators.
The informed consent document must be written in lay language, avoiding any technical
Voluntariness: The participant's consent to participate in the research must be voluntary,
free of any coercion or promises of benefits unlikely to result from participation.
Competence: The participant must be competent to give consent. If the participant
is not competent due to mental status, disease, or emergency, a designated surrogate
may provide consent if it is in the best interest of the participant.
Consent: The potential human subject must authorize his/her participation in the research
study, preferably in writing
Some research with human subjects is exempt from the requirements of this document
if it meets the following criteria (taken from Belmont Report referenced above in
Investigators must request approval for all proposed projects from the Institutional Review Board (IRB). The Institutional Review Board will consider all requests and may approve
the project, decline to approve the project, or grant a Certificate of Exemption indicating
that the criteria detailed in 320.3 has been met.