Lower Columbia College provides individuals with disabilities, who require the assistance of a service animal, with equal opportunity to access College property, courses, programs, and activities. This policy complies with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 as amended; Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; Washington Law against Discrimination Chapter 49.60 RCW.
A disability is a physical or mental condition that substantially limits one or more major life activities; or is the presence of a sensory, mental, or physical impairment that is medically cognizable or diagnosable; or exists as a record or history; or is perceived to exist whether or not it exists in fact.
A Service Animal means any animal that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Except as provided below (Section 7) Washington State Law does not restrict the type of animal that can serve as a service animal, as long as the animal is trained to do work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability. The work or tasks performed must be directly related to the handler's disability. Tasks performed can include, among other things, pulling a wheelchair, retrieving dropped items, alerting a person to sound, reminding a person to take medication, or pressing an elevator button. The crime deterrent effects of an animal's presence and the provision of emotional support, wellbeing, comfort or companionship do not constitute work or tasks for the purposes of this definition.
A Service Animal in Training is an animal that is being trained for the purpose of assisting or accommodating an individual with a disability. Service animals in training may be permitted, but are not entitled to, the same access as service animals under the ADA and should be directed to Disability Support Services where access will be evaluated similar to any other request for accommodation.
An Emotional Support Animal is an animal that can provide therapeutic benefit to those suffering with psychiatric conditions but are not trained to perform a specific job or task to assist or accommodate an individual with a disability. An emotional support animal is not considered a service animal under the ADA and should be directed to Disability Support Services where access will be evaluated similar to any other request for accommodation.
A pet is an animal kept for ordinary use and companionship. A pet is not considered a service animal and is not covered by this policy or allowed on college premises.
Handler means a qualified individual with a disability that a service animal assists with work or tasks for the benefit of the person with the disability.
Generally, handlers of service animals are permitted to be accompanied by their service animal in all areas of the College's facilities and programs where the handler is allowed to go. Such areas include public areas, public events, classrooms, and other areas where the College programs or activities are held. Limited exceptions for service animal access are noted in section 6 below.
If the disability which requires the use of a service animal is not readily apparent, LCC staff is permitted to ask the following:
LCC staff will not require documentation or demonstration to prove that the service animal has been certified, trained or licensed as a service animal.
LCC staff will not ask about the nature of the handler's disability or for medical documentation of their disability.
If the handler states that the animal is required because of a disability and that the animal has been trained to do work or task for the handler, then the service animal must be admitted.
See Section 655.6 below for areas where a service animal may be excluded.
If there is any doubt that an animal is a service animal, college personnel, should admit the animal then consult with Disability Support Services regarding future access.
While not required for service animals, students who would like to register as a student with a disability or request reasonable accommodation should contact Disability Support Services.
DSS can assist the student by providing advance notice to college personnel, such as faculty, advisors, campus services, and security.
Disability Support Services
While not required for service animals, employees may request disability accommodations through Human Resource Services.
Visitors (excluding student, faculty, staff and employees) to the college who require the use of a service animal are not required to provide advance notice to anyone on campus prior to their visit.
The care and supervision of a service animal is the responsibility of the handler. The handler must maintain control of the animal at all times. The ADA also provides that service animals must be harnessed, leashed, or tethered, unless these devices interfere with the service animal's work, or the individual's disability prevents using these devices. In that case, the handler must maintain control of the animal through voice, signal, or other effective controls.
The service animal must be housebroken and the handler is responsible for ensuring the clean-up of all animal waste in a safe and sanitary manner. If the handler is unable to collect and dispose the waste, the handler must contact Disability Support Services to make arrangements for necessary assistance.
The service animal must comply with local, county, and/or state vaccination and licensing requirements. It is recommended the animal have an ID tag.
Ensuring the service animal does not disturb or disrupt normal academic or administrative functions.
The handler is responsible for any damage or injury caused by the service animal.
College personnel may ask the handler to remove the service animal from college premises in these instances:
A handler may be directed to remove an animal that is out of control or disruptive, if the handler is given the opportunity to get the animal under control and the disruption continues.
A handler may be directed to move an animal that is not housebroken, is not vaccinated as required by local ordinances, or if the handler fails to collect and properly dispose of the animal's waste.
The College retains the right to immediately remove or suspend the service animal from the grounds and/or facilities if it is a direct threat to the health and safety of others, or if the animal causes substantial damage to college property.
If a service animal is excluded or removed from college premises, LCC will work with the handler to determine reasonable alternative opportunities to participate in the service, program or activity without having the service animal on the premises.
Service animals are allowed to accompany their handler everywhere except for the following locations that would pose health, environmental, or safety risks:
If a service animal is restricted from certain areas, DSS is available to assist in determining reasonable accommodation for the handler. For example, if a student cannot bring their service animal to a lab class, they may be permitted to take an online lab option.
In accordance with RCW 49.60.218, only service animals that are dogs or miniature horses are permitted in college food establishments.
An individual who experiences an allergic reaction to a service animal should contact Disability Support Services (students) or Human Resources (employees) to request accommodations. The needs of both the individual with the service animal and individual with the allergy will be addressed to resolve the conflict as quickly as possible.
Any student, applicant, employee, or visitor who believes they have been the subject of discrimination based on disability protected class status may file a grievance with the Title IX/EEO coordinator according to LCC's Discrimination and Harassment Complaint Procedure.
If a student believes that Disability Support Services has not provided appropriate academic accommodations, the student has the right to file an appeal with the 504/ADA coordinator through the Academic Adjustment and Auxiliary Aids Appeal Procedure.
Discrimination complaints may also be filed with the following federal and state agencies:
Disability Support Services, Admissions Building (360) 442-2340
Section 504/ADA Coordinator, Administrative Building, (360) 442-2121
Human Resources Manager, Administrative Building, (360) 442-2124
Campus Safety & Security, Student Center, (360) 442-2911
Vice President of Student Services, Admissions, (360) 442-2301
Approved (President/ELT) - November 14, 2018
Campus Review - October 19, 2018 - November 2, 2018
UMCC - October 16, 2018 & November 19, 2018
Governance Council - October 3, 2018 & November 7, 2018
ELT - August 20, 2018
Service Animals in Training
Animals in Child Care Centers